Year to date (YTD)

What is the Year to Date?

Year to date (YTD) refers to the entirety of the year, from its inception to the present. It can be used with either fiscal or calendar years. Your fiscal year may not always start on January 1st, but regardless of the dates, YTD refers to the first day of the relevant year through the calculation day.

Types of Year to Date

Date-to-Date return

The amount of profit an investment has generated since the start of the current year is referred to as the YTD return. YTD return data is used by analysts and investors to evaluate the performance of portfolios and investments.

Subtract the investment’s value from its current value to determine the YTD return on investment. Next, multiply the result by 100 to convert it to a percentage by dividing the difference by the value on the first day. For instance, a portfolio’s YTD return is 50% if it had a value of AU$100,000 on January 1 and AU$150,000 today.

Year to Date earnings

Earnings as of the present date are referred to as YTD earnings, or year-to-date earnings. Along with details on Medicare and Social Security withholdings and income tax payments, this sum is often listed on an employee’s pay stub.

YTD earnings can also be used to indicate how much a company or independent contractor has made so far this year. This sum is made up of income less outgoing costs. Small-business owners manage their financial objectives and forecast their quarterly tax payments using YTD earnings.

Year to Date net pay

The difference between employee wages and the deductions made from those wages is known as net pay. Employees deduct tax and other withholdings from their gross pay to determine their net pay. The term “YTD net pay” can be found on many pay stubs, and it refers to the total income generated as of January 1 of the current year less all tax and other benefit deductions.

Month to Date vs. Year to Date

The interval between the first of the current month and the final full business day before the current date is referred to as the month to date (MTD). The present date is typically not included in MTD because there is a chance that business may still be going on.

For instance, if the date is August 21, 2021, MTD refers to the time frame of August 1 through August 20, 2021. Similar to how YTD measures are used, this metric is. To examine their income, business earnings, and investment returns for the month thus, for instance, business owners, investors, and people use MTD data.

Year to Date formula and calculation

The precise formula for calculating a year-to-date value is as follows:

Year to date = (value as of a specific date ÷ value at the start of the year) – 1

The result is then multiplied by 100 to produce a percentage.

Simple addition can be used to calculate some YTD values. For instance, a company would add up the sales statistics from each budgetary quarter since the start of the fiscal or calendar year to get its YTD sales.

You would sum up the gross compensation from each paycheck since the beginning of the year to determine your YTD salary.

Example of Year to Date calculation

Imagine you are reviewing your financial portfolio like you do on a regular basis. To see where things stand, you’d like to compute your YTD return.

Start by figuring out how much your account was worth at the beginning of the year. For the purposes of this illustration, let’s pretend it is AU$125,000.

Your portfolio’s value increased to AU$137,000 as of yesterday’s market close after six months. It’s good news, then. You are aware of your positive return, but what is the YTD total?

You can determine your return using the YTD calculation above:

Year to date = (value as of a specific date ÷ value at the start of the year) – 1

Year to date = (137,000 ÷ 125,000) – 1]

Year to date = 1.096 – 1

Year to date = 0.096. To transform the decimal to a percentage, multiply by 100.

Year to date = 9.6%.

In six months, your portfolio has achieved a YTD return of 9.6%.


Q: What Is Month to Date?

A: The abbreviation “MTD” stands for “month to date.” It spans the time from the beginning of the current month to the present. but excluding the date of today because it might not be finished yet. You use MDT to provide information on a specific activity, campaign outcomes, and so forth for this specific time period.

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